Python is a widely used high-level programming language for general-purpose programming created by Guido van Rossum. Python source code is available under the GNU General Public License (GPL).
Python has a design philosophy that emphasizes code readability and a syntax that allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code and making it the perfect language for someone trying to learn computer programming for the first time.
Python features a dynamic type system and automatic memory management. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including object-oriented, imperative, functional and procedural, and has a large and comprehensive standard library.
History of Python
Python was developed in the late 1980s, and its implementation began in December 1989 by Guido van Rossum at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI) in the Netherlands.
Python is derived from many other languages ABC, Modula-3, C, C++, Algol-68, SmallTalk, and Unix shell and other scripting languages.
Release Dates of Different Versions :
|Python 1.0 (first standard release)||January 1994|
|Python 1.6 (Last minor version)||September 5, 2000|
|Python 2.0 (Introduced list comprehensions)||October 16, 2000|
|Python 2.7 (Last minor version)||July 3, 2010|
|Python 3.0 (Emphasis on removing duplicative constructs and module)||December 3, 2008|
|Python 3.5 (Last updated version)||September 13, 2015|
Features and philosophy
Object-oriented programming and structured programming are fully supported.
It features dynamic typing, reference counting and memory management. It also features dynamic name resolution.
Python was designed to be highly extensible.
The language’s core philosophy is
- Beautiful is better than ugly
- Explicit is better than implicit
- Simple is better than complex
- Complex is better than complicated
- Readability counts